Philippe Maliavine

Born: 1869, Kazanka (Samara Province)
Died: 1940, Nice (France)

Painter, draughtsman, teacher. Born in the village of Kazanka in Samara Province (now Orenburg Region) in a family of poor peasants called Andrei Malyavin and Domna Klimovna (1869). Studied at the icon-painting studio of the Monastery of Agiou Panteleimonos on Mount Athos in Greece (1885–91) and under Pavel Chistyakov, Vasily Petrovich Vereschagin, Carl Wenig and Ilya Repin at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St Petersburg (1892–99). Painted Impressionist portraits of peasant women (from 1894) and such fellow students as Konstantin Somov (1895), Igor Grabar (1895) and Anna Ostroumova-Lebedeva (1896). Awarded the title of artist (1899). Married fellow student Natalia Novak-Savich and bought a small estate near the village of Aksinino in Ryazan Province (1900). Member of the World of Art (1900) and the Union of Russian Artists (1903). Visited Paris (1900, 1906). Academician of painting (1906). Lived and worked in Aksinino, where he painted Fauvist pictures of the local peasant women (1900–18). Moved to Ryazan (1918), where he worked for IZO Narkompros and taught at the State Free Art Studios (1919–20). Moved to Moscow (1920), where he sketched portraits of Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky and Anatoly Lunacharsky in the Kremlin (1920–22). Travelled with a one-man show to Berlin and Paris, where he decided to emigrate (1922). Lived in Paris, Malmö and Nice (1920s–30s). Painted portraits of ballerina Alexandra Balashova (1924), singer Nadezhda Plevitskaya (1929), King Gustav V, Prince Eugen and Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1936) and director Ernst Fischer of the Malmö Konstmuseum (1939). Arrested by the Gestapo in Brussels and accused of espionage (1940). Released and forced to return to Nice by foot (1940). Died in Nice and buried at the Cimetière russe de Caucade (1940). Contributed to exhibitions (from 1895). Contributed to the exhibitions of the Moscow Society of Lovers of the Arts (1895–96), Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions (1895, 1900–01), Imperial Academy of Arts (1899), World of Art (1899–1903, 1906, 1911, 1921, 1922), 36 Artists (1901), Berlin Sezession (1903, 1904), Union of Russian Artists (1903–06, 1910–12, 1916, 1922, 1923), Sergei Diaghilev’s Exhibition of Historical Russian Portraits at the Tauride Palace in St Petersburg (1905), Exposition de l’Art russe at the Salon d’Automne in Paris (1906) and Russische Kunst-Ausstellung at the Kunstsalon Schulte in Berlin (1906), Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (1922), Die erste russische Kunstausstellung at the Galerie Van Diemen in Berlin (1922), Salon d’Automne (1923, 1924, 1929), Salon des Indépendants (1924), Société des Artistes Décorateurs (1924), Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts (1924, 1929), Salon de Printemps (1932), Exposition Universelle in Paris (1900, major gold medal), international exhibitions in Munich (1898), Venice (1901, 1907, 1924, 1926, 1928), Rome (1911) and Pittsburgh (1925, 1927), exhibitions of Russian art in Brussels (1928), Birmingham (1928), Prague (1928, 1935), Copenhagen (1929), Berlin (1930), Belgrade (1930), Wilmington (1932), Philadelphia (1932) and Malmö (1964), one-man shows in Ryazan (1919), Paris (1924, 1927), Prague (1933), Belgrade (1933), Stockholm (1934), Nice (1934, 1937) and London (1935) and memorial exhibitions at the Union des Patriotes Soviétiques in Paris (1945) and the Scientific Research Museum of the Academy of Arts of the USSR in Leningrad (1969).

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