Leonid Sherwood

Born: 1871, Moscow
Died: 1954, Leningrad

Sculptor, painter, graphic artist, teacher, writer. Younger brother of sculptor Sergei Sherwood (1858–1899) and architect Vladimir Sherwood (1867–1930), uncle of Vladimir Favorsky. Great-grandson of an English engineer called William Sherwood (1767–1837) who settled in St Petersburg (1800). Born in Moscow (1871) in the family of architect, sculptor and painter Vladimir Sherwood (1832–1897) and his Lithuanian wife Mathilda Amalija Schumacher (1834–1903). Studied under Sergei Ivanov and Vladimir Makovsky at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1886–92) and under Vladimir Beklemishev at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1892–98). Awarded a major gold medal and a foreign fellowship in Paris (1898), where he studied at the Académie Julian and under Auguste Rodin and Émile-Antoine Bourdelle (1899–1900). Sculpted a bust of Alexander Pushkin in St Petersburg (1900–02). Founding member of the New Society of Artists (1904). Worked in the styles of Impressionism (1900s–10s), Art Nouveau (late 1910s), Constructivism (1920s) and Socialist Realism (1930s). Taught at the Mikhail Bernstein and Leonid Sherwood School of Painting, Drawing and Sculpture (1907–16), Petrograd State Free Art Studios/VKhUTEMAS (1918–26), VKhUTEIN (1929–30) and the Kiev Institute of Art (second half of 1930s). Professor of art history (1942). Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1946). Died in Leningrad and buried at the Volkovo Cemetery (1954). Contributed to exhibitions (from 1902), including St Petersburg: A Portrait of the City and its Citizens at the Russian Museum in St Petersburg (2003).

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