Neck Torque

The neck torque (grivna) was a traditional decoration worn by Russian princes and aristocrats before the Mongol invasion. Put on by both men and women, they were a sign of wealth and prosperity and often given as presents or awards. This explains why torques are often present in caches of urban ornaments, yet rarely found in burial vaults. Both imported and domestically produced works are encountered side by side in Russian caches.

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