Mikhail Kozlovsky

Born: 1753, St Petersburg
Died: 1802, St Petersburg
Movements:
Neoclassicism

Sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, teacher. Born in St Petersburg in the family of a naval musician called Ivan Kozlovsky (1753). Studied under Nicolas-François Gillet and Anton Losenko at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1764–73). Awarded two silver medals (late 1760s), two minor gold medals (1770, 1772) and a major gold medal and the title of first-class artist (1773). Foreign fellow of the Imperial Academy of Arts in Rome (1774–79) and Paris (1779–80). Elected an honorary member of the Académie de peinture, sculpture et architecture de Marseille (1780). Returned to St Petersburg (1780), where he sculpted reliefs on ancient themes for the Marble Palace (1780–81) and the Concert Hall in the Catherine Park at Tsarskoe Selo (1783–88). Created marble statues of Catherine the Great as Minerva (1784–85) and Vigil of Alexander the Great (1785–88). Lived and worked in Paris (1788–90), where he attended classes at the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture and acted as inspector of foreign fellows of the Imperial Academy of Arts. Witnessed the French Revolution (1789), inspiring such allegorical works as Polycrates (1790). Academician (1794), professor (1794), board member (1795), senior professor (1799). Taught sculpture at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1795–1802). Created terracotta studies on themes from the Trojan War (mid-1790s) and addressed subjects from Russian history in such works as Prince Jacob Dolgoruky Tearing Up a Royal Decree (1797) and Hercules on Horseback (1799). Designed the monument to Count Alexander Suvorov on the Field of Mars (1799–1801), Samson Rending the Jaws of the Lion for the Grand Cascade in Peterhof (1800–01) and the tombstones of Petros Melissinos (1800) and Count Sergei Stroganov at the St Alexander Nevsky Monastery (1802). Died suddenly at the age of forty-eight in St Petersburg and buried at the St Alexander Nevsky Monastery (1802). Honoured by posthumous exhibitions at the Russian Museum in Leningrad/St Petersburg (1953, 2007).

Random Articles

École de Paris
Mané-Katz
Painter, teacher. Born as Mane (Emmanuel) Kats in the family of Leizer Kats in Kremenchug in Poltava Province (1894). Studied at the Kiev Institute of Art (1911–13), École nationale superieure des beaux-arts in Paris (where he
Lianozovo Group
Vladimir Nemukhin
Painter, graphic artist, object artist. Born in Moscow in the family of a former peasant called Nikolai Nemukhin (1925). Spent his childhood in the village of Priluki in Kaluga Region. Studied Post-Impressionism and Cubism
Genre
Nikolai Chernyshev
Painter, draughtsman, teacher. Studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts and granted the right to teach drawing in grammar schools. Taught drawing at Vyatka Grammar School
Realist
Sergei Vasilyevich Ivanov
Painter, graphic artist, illustrator, teacher. Born in the small town of Ruza to the west of Moscow in the family of an excise officer (1864). Studied under Pyotr Sinebatov (mid-1870s), under Vasily Perov, Illarion
Mansion
Mansion of Ivan Betskoi
Built by Vasily Stasov (?) for Ivan Betskoi – diplomat, public activist, statesmen, president of the Imperial Academy of Arts and founder of the Foundling Hospital and Smolny Institute (1784–87). Famous for its hanging garden