Alexander Gerasimov

Born: 1881, Kozlov (Tambov Province)
Died: 1963, Moscow

Painter, graphic artist, theatrical designer, architect. Studied painting under Abram Arkhipov and Konstantin Korovin (1903–10) and architecture (1910–15) at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. Fought in the First World War (1915–17) and lived in Kozlov in Tambov Province (1918–25), where he founded the Commune of Kozlov Artists (1918) and painted scenery for the local theatre, which he had previously designed (1913). Returned to Moscow (1925), where he joined the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (1925). Abandoned Impressionist landscapes for heroic works of Socialist Realism (1929–30), becoming the favourite artist of Joseph Stalin (1930s) and leading the attacks on cosmopolitanism and formalism in Soviet art (1940s). Chairman of the Union of Artists (1939–54), president of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1947–57). Political rival of the more liberal Sergei Gerasimov (no relative). Died in Moscow and buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery (1963). Contributed to exhibitions (from 1906). Contributed to the exhibitions of the Fellowship of Independents (1909–11), Free Creativity (1911–18), Exhibition of Art and Industry in Tver (1912), Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions (1913–15), Artists of Moscow for War Victims (1914), Commune of Kozlov Artists (1918, 1919), Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (1925–32), New York World’s Fair (1939–40) and Expo ‘58 in Brussels (1958, gold medal). Winner of the Stalin Prize (1941, 1943, 1946, 1949), People’s Artist of the USSR (1943).

Random Articles

Palace
Marble Palace
Catherine the Great commissioned the Marble Palace for her lover Count Grigory Orlov. Besides heading the artillery department and holding the post of grand master of the ordnance, Count Orlov had been instrumental in helping
Service
Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna Service (1795–97)
The Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna Service was manufactured between 1795 and 1797 for the marriage of the eldest daughter of Paul I to Archduke Joseph Anton of Austria in 1799. Designed in the Neoclassical style popular in
Opera
Victory Over the Sun
On 6 February 1920, Kazimir Malevich and the students of the Vitebsk School of Art restaged Victory Over the Sun. Mounted at the Latvian Club, the opera opened the “Front Week” organised by the local authorities to raise money
Rossica
Swiss Rossica
The cultural ties between Russia and Switzerland enjoy a long history, stretching back over three hundred years. In the early eighteenth century, Peter the Great invited Swiss engineers, architects and artists to come to Russia
Art Nouveau
Anna Somova-Mikhailova
Decorative and applied artist, singer. Daughter of Andrei Somov, sister of Konstantin Somov. Studied painting and graphic art at home under the guidance of her brother. Contributed embroidered handbags made in collaboration