Second permanent bridge across the River Neva, joining Liteiny Prospekt and the Vyborg Side. Built by architect Carl Rachau and engineer Amand Struve (1875–79) on the site of a pontoon bridge (1851). Steel was widely used for the first time as a support material. Electric lighting was installed for the first time ever on a bridge (1879). Called the Emperor Alexander II Bridge (1903–17).