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First shipbuilding yard in St Petersburg. Founded on the left bank of the River Bolshaya Neva at the same time as the Admiralty (5 November 1704). Construction was headed by Jacob Daniel Bruce, a Russian military commander of Scottish descent. Nine slipways and one dock were built (1716). Launched its first schooner called the Hope (5 July 1708) and the first Russian ship of the line called the Poltava (December 1709). Built another six warships, including the 90-gun Lesnoe and the 110-gun Peter I and II, and fifty smaller boats (1712). Construction gradually dwindled (from 1800) and the shipyard was closed down (1843). The Naval Ministry sold the territory to the municipal authorities, who built Admiralty Embankment (1870s).