Ilya Mashkov

Born: 1881, Mikhailovskaya (Don Region)
Died: 1944, Abramtsevo (near Moscow)

Painter, graphic artist, teacher. Studied under Nikolai Kasatkin, Apollinary Vasnetsov, Abram Arkhipov, Leonid Pasternak, Valentin Serov and Konstantin Korovin at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1900–04, 1907–09). Opened a private studio of painting and drawing in Moscow (1904–17), later transformed into the central studio of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (1925–29). Travelled to Europe to study classical and avant-garde art (1908, 1913, 1914). Founding member of the Knave of Diamonds (1910), member of the World of Art (1916–22, chairman from 1917), Society of Moscow Artists (1924–28), Moscow Painters (from 1925) and the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia/Association of Artists of the Revolution (1925–32), committee member of the Union of Artists (from 1932). Worked for IZO Narkompros and decorated the streets of Moscow on the first anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution (1918). Taught at the State Free Art Studios/VKhUTEMAS/VKhUTEIN (1918–30) and at courses for lecturers (1923–24). Travelled to the Caucasus and Crimea (1930s), often returned to his native Cossack village of Mikhailovskaya (1930s) and died at his dacha in Abramtsevo (1944). Contributed to exhibitions (from 1902). Contributed to the exhibitions of the New Society of Artists (1909), Golden Fleece Salons (1909–10), First Vladimir Izdebsky Salon (1909–10), Salon d’Automne (1910), Union of Youth (1910–12), Knave of Diamonds (1910–14), Moscow Salon (1911), Salon des Indépendants (1911, 1912), World of Art (1911, 1912, 1915–22, 1929), Artists for Comrade Warriors (1914), Moscow Painters (1925), Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (1925–29), Society of Moscow Artists (1927, 1928), international exhibitions in London (1911), Venice (1924, 1932), United States and Canada (1924–25) and Paris (1937, gold medal) and the exhibitions of Russian and Soviet art in Berlin (1922), New York (1924), Toronto and Los Angeles (1925), Japan (1927), Stockholm/Oslo/Copenhagen (1927–28), Cologne (1929), Vienna (1930) and Prague (1938). One-man shows in Mikhailovskaya (1934), Leningrad (1956) and Moscow (1956, 2005). Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1928).

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