Russia Ethnography Nganasan


The northernmost ethnic group in the Russian Federation is the Nganasans. Only numbering around 1,200 people, they live in the tundra of the Taimyr Peninsula, inside the 72nd parallel. They are descended from the ancient Paleo-Siberian population of Taimyr, who mixed with the Samoyedic and Tungusic tribes. Their traditional occupations are hunting, breeding reindeer and fishing. The Nganasans calculate time according to their own lunar calendar (kiteda). One solar year has two khu – summer and winter.

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