Russia Religion Subjects Orthodox Saint St Florus and St Laurus (The Miracle of the Archangel Michael)

St Florus and St Laurus (The Miracle of the Archangel Michael)

St Florus and St Laurus were twin brothers who were martyred in the Balkans in the second century. In their final prayers before being put to death, they allegedly promised to multiply and protect the stock of all those who brought their first-born child to be baptised in the church which they had built.

St Florus and St Laurus were worshipped in the Byzantine Empire as holy healers and in Russia as the patron saints of horses. The Russian Orthodox Church commemorates the two brothers on 18/31 August, when horses were traditionally decorated with garlands of flowers and even blessed in special church services held in their honour.

St Florus and St Laurus were revered by the common people from the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century, particularly in the northern domains of Novgorod. Icons depict the miracle of St Michael the Archangel, when the angel teaches the two brothers how to control horses and understand their language.

The traditional composition depicts the Archangel Michael handing the reins of horses to St Florus and St Laurus, while the three Cappadocian grooms Speusippus, Eleusippus and Meleusippus drive a herd out to pasture. In other versions, the twins are depicted on horseback, rather than standing on mounds. They hold crosses symbolising their martyrdom. The identical poses and physical appearances of the two brothers underline their blood and spiritual ties.

Random Articles

Russian Writers
Alexandra Ishimova
Children’s writer, translator. Born in Kostroma in the family of collegiate assessor and headmaster Josif Ishimov (1804). Lived and worked in St Petersburg (from 1825). Personally acquainted with Nikolai Gogol, Vasily Zhukovsky
Illustrator
Maria Churakova
Graphic artist, book designer, illustrator. Born in the family of sculptor Sergei Churakov in Moscow (1924). Studied under her father, advised by Pavel Korin, studied under Tatyana Vasnetsova (1939–40), under Pavel Pavlinov and
Romantic
Pyotr Fyodorovich Sokolov
Painter. Father of Pyotr Sokolov and Alexander Sokolov, brother-in-law of Alexander Brullov and Karl Brullov, great-grandfather of Lev Bruni. Born to a rich family in Moscow (1791), but his father died and his stepfather
Icon Painter
Simon (Pimen) Ushakov
Painter, decorator, engraver, jeweller, writer. Born in Moscow (1626). Began working at the Armoury as a silversmith (1648). Following his appointment as royal icon-painter, took over as head of the Armoury icon-painting
Russian Writers
Sergei Ausländer
Writer, playwright, critic. Nephew of Mikhail Kuzmin. Born in Siberia in the family of Abram Ausländer and Varvara Kuzmina (1888). Graduated from the Seventh Grammar School in St Petersburg (1906) and studied history and the