Elizaveta Kruglikova

Born: 1865, St Petersburg
Died: 1941, Leningrad

Engraver, illustrator, painter, theatrical designer, teacher. Studied painting under Illarion Pryanishnikov, Sergei Korovin, Konstantin Savitsky and Abram Arkhipov at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1890–95) and at the Académie Colarossi and Académie Vitti in Paris (1895–97). Worked independently in Paris, where she opened her own studio at 17 Rue Boissonade in Montparnasse (1900) and taught at the Académie de la Palette (1909–14). Took up etching under the guidance of Joseph-Victor Roux-Champion (1902) and revived the art of monotyping (1909) and the silhouette (1914). Member of the Société de la Gravure en Couleurs (1904) and the World of Art (1915). Lived in St Petersburg after the outbreak of the First World War (1914). Published a limited-edition book of monotypes called Paris on the Eve of the War (1916), donating the proceeds to Russian artists stranded in France. Helped to found the State Puppet Theatre (1919), designing the sets and costumes for performances of Elizaveta Tarakhovskaya By the Pike’s Wish and Nikolai Gogol’s Viy (1919–21). Taught at the VKhUTEIN (1922–29) and the Higher Institute of Photography and Phototechnology (1930s). Designed posters (1920s) and published series of silhouettes of Poets (1921), Contemporaries (1922), Leaders of the Revolution (1925), Suraxani (1931) and Azneft (1934). Visited Mikhail Nesterov in Moscow to plan an exhibition of former members of the World of Art (1941). Died in Leningrad and buried at the Volkovo Cemetery (1941). Contributed to exhibitions (from 1893). Contributed to the exhibitions of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (from 1893), World of Art (1900, 1911–13, 1915–18, 1922, 1924), Union of Russian Artists (1910s), First State Free Exhibition of Works of Art (1919), Exhibition of Petrograd Artists of All Directions (1923), Fire-Colour (1925), Community of Artists (1925), Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris (1925), All-Union Polygraphic Exhibition in Moscow (1927), Engraving of the USSR Over Ten Years in Moscow (1927), Esposizione della grafica in Florence (1927), XVI Venice Biennale (1928), Grafiek en boekkunst uit de Sovjet-Unie at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (1929), Artists of the RSFSR Over Fifteen Years at the Russian Museum in Leningrad (1932–33), exhibitions of Russian art in the United States (1924–1925) and one-woman shows in Paris (1902, 1905, 1907), St Petersburg/Leningrad (1913, 1934, 1940, 2010) and Kazan (1925).

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