Maria Ender

Born: 1897, St Petersburg
Died: 1942, Leningrad

Painter, graphic artist, designer, teacher. Sister of Boris and Xenia Ender. Born in St Petersburg to an agronomist of German descent (1897). Studied philology at the Petrograd Pedagogical Institute (1915–18) and art under Kazimir Malevich and Mikhail Matiushin at the State Free Art Studios/VKhUTEMAS in Petrograd (1918–22). Member of Zorved (1923). Worked under Mikhail Matiushin at the department of organic culture of the Institute of Artistic Culture (1923–26) and the physico-physiological laboratory of the Institute of the History of the Arts (from 1927). Taught at the VKhUTEIN/Institute of Proletarian Fine Art (1929–32), Institute of Civil Aviation (1930), Leningrad Institute of Communal Construction and the Technical College of Art and Industry (1930). Studied colour perception at the Brain Institute and worked as a consultant on the painting of buildings in Leningrad (late 1920s–1930s). Collaborated with Boris Ender on the layouts of the Soviet pavilion at the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne in Paris (1937) and the Leningrad pavilion at the All-Union Exhibition of Agriculture in Moscow (1938–39). Died during the Siege of Leningrad and buried in a mass grave (1942). Contributed to exhibitions (from 1922).

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